Snake Removal & Pest Control
Snakes are reptiles, which means that they are cold blooded (otherwise known as ectothermic), lung breathing vertebrates that are covered in dry scales. Interestingly, the word snake comes from an Indo-European root word, “(s)nēg-o-”, which means “to creep”, detailing the tell-tale way they move along the ground. They are carnivores, and, depending on their size, eat animals like frogs, lizards, insects, worms, rodents, and birds.
Snake Species By State
There are several commonly found species of snake throughout our service area, and we’ve detailed the most common of them by their distinguishing features below. If you’d like to learn more about the history of snakes in your state, we recommend taking a look at these resources:
- Michigan’s Department of Natural Resources – Snake Page
- Indiana’s Department of Natural Resources – Snake Page
- Ohio’s Department of Natural Resources – Reptile & Snake Page
Most Common Snakes in Michigan, Indiana & Ohio
Eastern (Common) Garter Snake
Scientific Name – Thamnophis sirtalis
Appearance – Gray, brown, or green with three yellow stripes down their back.
Size – Between 2 and 4 feet.
Habitat – All across Michigan, Ohio and Indiana, including urban areas.
Venomous? – Eastern Garter Snake’s have been documented biting but are not venomous.
Butler's Garter Snake
Scientific Name – Thamnophis butleri
Appearance – Black, brown, or olive green with three yellow stripes down their back.
Size – Between 15 and 27 inches, Butler’s Garter Snakes are generally much smaller than Eastern Garter Snakes.
Habitat – This species is often found in Eastern and southern Lower Peninsula Michigan, as well as in Ohio and Indiana, commonly near bodies of water
Venomous? – Butler’s Garter Snakes are not venomous and are not known for biting.
Scientific Name – Storeria dekayi
Appearance – Brown or gray with a light stripe and dark spots down the back.
Size – Between 9 and 15 inches.
Habitat – Everywhere in the Lower Peninsula and southern tip of Upper Peninsula of Michigan, as well as throughout Indiana and Ohio.
Venomous? – Brown Snakes are not venomous and are not known for biting.
Scientific Name – Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata
Appearance – Brown or gray with red on their undersides.
Size – Between 8 and 16 inches.
Habitat – Red-bellied Snakes are generally found through Michigan, Indiana and Ohio, in all wooded areas.
Venomous? – Red-bellied Snakes are not venomous and are not known for biting.
Smooth Green Snake
Scientific Name – Liochlorophis vernalis
Appearance – Bright green.
Size – Between 1 and 1 1/2 feet.
Habitat – You’ll find the Smooth Green Snake across Michigan, Ohio & Indiana, in all grassy areas of these states.
Venomous? – Smooth Green Snakes are not venomous and not known for biting.
How To Prevent Snakes On Your Property
The best approach when it comes to removing snakes is to just leave them alone and, if there is more than one and they continue to come back, contact a professional pest removal service to take care of the problem. However, you can take steps to make your home or property less appealing to snakes in the first place, such as:
- Trim back brush and make sure grass is always short
- Keep your yard free of clutter to avoid giving snakes potential room to hide
- Make sure there aren’t any possible sources of food, such as existing mice or insect infestations
- Fill in any holes in the ground that could make a potential den